Potassium fluoride,anhydrous
           Potassium fluoride,extra pure
           Potassium fluoride,Granular
           Silicon Dioxide
           Hydrofluoric acid
           Synthetic Cryolite
           Potassium Fluoaluminate
           Ammonium bifluoride
           Potassium Bifluoride
           Aluminium fluoride
           Sodium fluoride
           Potassium Fluorosilicate
           Fluorosilicic Acid
           Sodium silicofluoride
           Potassium Hydroxide Flakes
           Magnesium Fluoride
           Magnesium fluorosilicate
           Barium Fluoride
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Exposures of as little as 2.5 per cent of the body surface to concentrated hydrofluoric acid (HF) may be fatal. Survival after major HF exposures is facilitated by aggressive emergency management which, we feel, includes wound irrigation, subeschar injection of calcium gluconate, monitored supplementation of serum calcium, and prompt wound excision carried out as an emergency procedure. The following case reports and literature review illustrate the important differences between exposures to concentrated HF of as little as 2 per cent of the body surface and smaller exposures to concentrated HF or exposure to dilute HF.

Compared to the concentration of hydrofluoric acid, tantalum and niobium concentration and low concentration of hydrofluoric acid in MIBK extraction system Separation of tantalum and niobium, examining extraction time, extraction of tantalum and niobium mass ratio on the extraction process.

Hydrofluoric acid etches porcelain to produce a porous surface visible under scanning electron microscopy when compared to an acidulated phosphate fluoride gel. Some investigators have suggested the greater porosity of the hydrofluoric acid etch produces a greater composite-to-porcelain bond. This investigation tested that assumption with two common fluoride etchants. The etched surfaces were first viewed under scanning electron microscopy to ensure that a characteristic etch was achieved. Both etchants yielded bond strengths that produced, cohesive failure of all samples. This suggested that the intraoral use of hydrofluoric acid is no more effective than the less dangerous acidulated phosphate fluoride gel.