Potassium fluoride,anhydrous
           Potassium fluoride,extra pure
           Potassium fluoride,Granular
           Silicon Dioxide
           Hydrofluoric acid
           Synthetic Cryolite
           Potassium Fluoaluminate
           Ammonium bifluoride
           Potassium Bifluoride
           Aluminium fluoride
           Sodium fluoride
           Potassium Fluorosilicate
           Fluorosilicic Acid
           Sodium silicofluoride
           Potassium Hydroxide Flakes
           Magnesium Fluoride
           Magnesium fluorosilicate
           Barium Fluoride
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Hydrofluoric acid-treated tau PHF proteins display the same biochemical properties as normal tau.

Tau (tau) is a major constituent of paired helical filaments (PHF) found in Alzheimer's disease. The current study examines the possibility that the distinct properties of PHF-associated tau proteins (tau PHF) result from post-translational modifications of normal soluble tau (tau s). Following hydrofluoric acid (HF) treatment, tau PHF proteins are heat- and acid-stable, soluble in 2-(N-morpholino)ethanesulfonic acid buffers and display the same molecular weight, pI, and immunochemical properties as normal tau s. Alkaline phosphatase treatment of dissociated PHF results in similar, although less extensive, electrophoretic changes and a reduction in PHF-1 immunoreactivity. Therefore, phosphorylation of normal tau s appears to be responsible for the distinct properties of tau PHF. Although our results suggest that all of the normal tau isoforms are in PHF, the relative abundance of individual tau species differs in HF-treated PHF and tau s samples. Moreover, the loss of PHF following HF treatment suggests that post-translational modifications contribute to the structural stability of PHF.


Anodic dissolution of silicon in hydrofluoric acid solutions

The anodic dissolution rate of silicon is investigated as a function of the electrode potential, the doping of the crystal and of the hydrofluoric acid concentration. It is shown that at lower anodic electrode potentials two holes and at higher electrode potentials four holes are consumed. For the rate determining step which depends exponentially on the electrode potential in concentrated HF-solutions, however, only one hole is required. A dissolution mechanism is proposed partly based on the experimental results obtained by Turner.