Potassium fluoride,anhydrous
           Potassium fluoride,extra pure
           Potassium fluoride,Granular
           Silicon Dioxide
           Hydrofluoric acid
           Synthetic Cryolite
           Potassium Fluoaluminate
           Ammonium bifluoride
           Potassium Bifluoride
           Aluminium fluoride
           Sodium fluoride
           Potassium Fluorosilicate
           Fluorosilicic Acid
           Sodium silicofluoride
           Potassium Hydroxide Flakes
           Magnesium Fluoride
           Magnesium fluorosilicate
           Barium Fluoride
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Hydrofluoric acid is a toxic substance used widely in both industrial and domestic settings. It can cause severe burns, as well as systemic toxicity. Death has been reported from as little as 2.5% body surface area (BSA) burn involving concentrated acid. Topical and parenteral calcium salts have proven effective therapy for both dermal and systemic manifestations. All emergency physicians should be aware of the unique complications and treatment of these injuries.

Wet chemical etching of silicate glasses in hydrofluoric acid based solutions

The etching of silicate glasses in aqueous hydrofluoric acid solutions is applied in many technological fields. In this review most of the aspects of the wet chemical etching process of silicate glasses are discussed. The mechanism of the dissolution reaction is governed by the adsorption of the two reactive species: HF and HF 2 - and the catalytic action of H+ ions, resulting in the breakage of the siloxane bonds in the silicate network. The etch rate is determined by the composition of the etchant as well as by the glass, although the mechanism of dissolution is not influenced. In the second part of this review, diverse applications of etching glass objects in technology are described. Etching of SiO2 and doped SiO2 thin films, studied ext